4 edition of psychology of abnormality found in the catalog.
psychology of abnormality
[The book] is a comprehensive yet efficient textbook on psychological disorders. Containing only 15 chapters, it is designed to fit readily within a typical academic term. Theoretically balanced, it includes DSM-IV criteria and up-to-date coverage; it places psychopathology in its multiple contexts (historical, social and cultural); it stresses the continuity between normality and abnormality; and it attends to human diversity more than the typical textbook.... Abnormal psychology is an extremely popular course at most colleges and universities. -Pref.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 479-544) and indexes.
|LC Classifications||RC454 .P435 1996|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 575 p. :|
|Number of Pages||575|
|LC Control Number||94074222|
Many psychologists criticise psychiatry for focusing its attention primarily on symptoms and for assuming that relieving symptoms with drugs cures the problem. For example, aversion therapy has been imposed on people without consent[ citation psychology of abnormality book ]. Rational emotive therapy helps to drive irrational and maladaptive beliefs out of one's mind. Some disorders are culture-bound they only occur in certain cultures and are unheard of in others. The behaviorism of American psychologist John B. Sociocultural influences[ edit ] The term sociocultural refers to the various circles of influence on the individual ranging from close friends and family to the institutions and policies of a country or the world as a whole.
He pushed for the idea that the patients should be treated with kindness and not the cruelty inflicted on them psychology of abnormality book if they were animals or criminals. So with this therapy, it is the psychiatrist's job to question and change the irrational thoughts. The foundations of modern psychology were laid by 17th-century philosopher Thomas Hobbeswho argued that scientific causes could be established for every sort of phenomenon through deductive reasoning. Furthermore, if one takes the other end of the IQ spectrum, a deviation of 30 points above the mean is generally not considered to be abnormal or to indicate the presence of mental health problems. If psychiatrists' diagnoses have low reliability e. The belief that witches, demons, and spirits are responsible for the abnormal behavior continued into the 15th century.
Though similar in ways to the behavioural model, psychiatrists of this model use differing methods for cures. However, the problems associated with a low IQ differ widely across individuals depending on their life circumstances. He is also known for his books on pragmatism, educational psychology, and psychology. Looking at this bell-shaped curve, the majority of individuals are clustered around the highest point of the curve, which is known as the average.
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Beginning in some hunter-gatherer societies, animists have believed that people demonstrating abnormal behavior are possessed by malevolent spirits.
Although it does not deal with the cause of the problem directly, it does attempt to change the situation more broadly than the behavioural model. This model seems to have been quite successful, where phobias and compulsive disorders are concerned, but it doesn't focus on the psychology of abnormality book of the illness or problem, and so risks recurrence of the problem.
He did not believe in human free will and opined that human actions were guided by their outcome. It is therefore impossible to find one shared characteristic which can be defined as 'abnormal'.
He is an American psychologist, best known for his work on personality disorders and abnormal psychological conditions. Electroconvulsive therapy has also proved to be a psychology of abnormality book short-term treatment for depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder and related illnesses, although the reasons for its success are almost completely unknown.
The main cures for psychological illness under this model: electroconvulsive therapydrugs and surgery psychology of abnormality book times can have very good results in restoring "normality" as biology has been shown to play some sort of role in psychological illness.
Social psychology, developed by British psychologists William McDougall and Havelock Ellisstudies the effects of various social environments on the individual. Even though the reform movement had occurred; patients were often still met with cruel and inhumane treatment.
Social learning theory could play a part too. Hippocrates and his associates wrote the Hippocratic Corpus between and BC, in which they suggested that abnormal behaviors can be treated like any other disease.
Distress and Discomfort When a psychological condition causes significant personal distress, a third criteria for diagnosis and treatment can be made. During the Stone Age, trepanning was performed on those who had mental illness to literally cut the evil spirits out of the victim's head.
However they can also have consequences, whether biology is responsible or not, as drugs always have a chance of causing allergic reactions or addiction. It works in a similar way to the DSM, but the disorders are coded e. There was an error. Therapists who take this approach believe that by analyzing memories, behaviors, thoughts, and even dreamspeople can uncover and deal with some of the feelings that have been leading to maladaptive behaviors and distress.
Any neurosis, psychosis or cognitive difference such as developmental delay can cause a person to feel very distressed and unhappy. The study of the causes of mental disorder, psychopathology, and emotional stresses falls within the scope of abnormal psychology.
Behavioral approach The behavioral approach focuses on observable behavior. The different approaches to abnormal psychology Abnormal psychology has several different approaches.Abnormal psychology is an academic and applied subfield of psychology involving the scientific study of abnormal experience and behavior (as in neuroses, psychoses and mental retardation) or with certain incompletely understood states (as dreams and hypnosis) in order to understand and change abnormal patterns of functioning.
Apr 27, · IB Psychology Revision Book Available NOW! Get your free preview here. Abnormal Psychology. The exam questions will be based on the topic and content headings as shown above. This page is taken from our IB Psych revision book now available from our online store.
Find Abnormal Psychology Textbooks at up to 90% off. Plus get free shipping on qualifying orders $25+. Choose from used and new textbooks or get instant access with eTextbooks and digital materials.The pdf abnormal psychology and psychiatry reference book in North America is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association.
The current version of .Oct 27, · Written in a simple but well organised style, it will prove useful not only to students of abnormal psychology and mental health of the graduate and 5/5(1).Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal behavior ebook order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning.
Abnormal psychology studies the nature of psychopathology and its causes, and this knowledge is applied in clinical psychology to treating patients with psychological disorders.